In order for Cop29 to achieve its goals and ensure equitable benefits for vulnerable communities in developing nations, it is imperative that wealthy countries expedite the approval of increased financial support through their respective parliaments.
The upcoming Cop29 summit, scheduled for November in Baku, will primarily focus on climate finance. Negotiators from developed countries consistently emphasize that their financial commitments hinge on parliamentary approval. This recurring theme has been evident in numerous negotiations, with developed nations citing a lack of mandate or ability to augment funds without parliamentary consent.
Given that parliamentary debates on budgets and allocations commence early in the year, it is crucial for these nations to take immediate action. The recently concluded Cop28, celebrated as a success due to the establishment of a new fund for loss and damage, a global adaptation goal, and initial steps towards transitioning away from fossil fuels, underscores the reliance on accessible and increased climate finance. All commitments and promises made during Cop28 and previous summits are contingent upon the availability and scaling up of climate finance.
Hence, the significance of Cop29 cannot be overstated. During this summit, governments will establish a new post-2025 finance goal, impacting previous agreements regarding emission reductions, climate change adaptation, loss and damage mitigation, and technology transfer.
The climate finance gap remains substantial and continues to grow. Without additional accessible funding, humanity will be unable to effectively address the climate crisis. Mobilizing greater climate finance is especially critical for the least developed countries, which have long struggled to secure adequate funding for decades.
Without grant-based funding, efforts to implement climate change adaptation plans and reduce emissions will falter. The pursuit of green and sustainable growth and development will also face significant obstacles, and the ability to combat climate-related losses and damages will remain elusive.
Consequently, the decision on climate finance during Cop29 holds immense importance. Beyond an agreement on increased funding, it must also address timeframes, measurement and tracking mechanisms, and determine the allocation and direction of financial resources.
Scaling up funding can be achieved through various means, with some parties emphasizing the potential of "innovative finance." Exploring this avenue is crucial; however, innovative finance should complement existing funding commitments from the Global North, based on historical responsibility and capacity.
It is hoped that governments from the Global North will enter Cop29 with robust and ambitious mandates from their parliaments, including increased climate finance, to actively engage in the negotiations. It is imperative to remember that without financial resources, meaningful action cannot be taken, and the climate crisis will remain unaddressed.