Honey bees start making honey by collecting sugary nectar from different blossoms by sucking out it with their tongues. This nectar is stored in the honey stomach which is in actuality is different from their food stomach. What makes honey truly astounding is the way it's made. The existences of bumblebees are committed to supporting the colony. Each honey bee has some work, and that work needs to be completed so the province can flourish.
Older worker bees are the ones that fly around out in nature searching for blossoms. They fly up to 5km from the bee colony, visiting around 50 to 100 blossoms in each excursion. And it is quite amazing that a colony of honey bees can visit 50 million blossoms per day!
Honey bees cooperate as a group to choose where the best blossoms to visit are, discussing this data with dance moves, noises, and walloping each other. As the health benefits of natural honey are truly wonderful, let us gain some information about how bees make honey? Yet, before we get into it, here are some intriguing realities about bees that you will have a hard time believing!
Key Reasons Why Bees Make Honey?
Honey bees are keen and pragmatic creatures. Throughout the spring and summer season, working bees are busy gathering nectar and pollen so they can store it for the colder time of year. This is because there is a scarcity of food during cold months as honey bees cannot survive in the outer atmosphere in winter.
Intending to support the colony in the "offseason", honey bees make as much nectar as possible during the hotter months which is utilized to take care of their young ones. Young honey bees eat nectar and pollen, so they are prepared to work once the springtime hits.
Process of Making Honey –
Stage 1: Worker honey bees gather nectar
Worker honey bees start collecting nectar when they discover a decent wellspring of nectar. Utilizing their proboscis, worker bees suck up nectar from within blossoms, regularly visiting over 100 blossoms on one scrounging trip. The nectar, along with a smidgen of bumble bee saliva, is put away in an uncommon sac called a honey stomach. While the stomach gets completely filled, the working drone will get back to the hive to drop off the heap.
Stage 2: House honey bees hold the nectar
Back at the hive, house honey bees trust that the foragers will return. The working drones pass the nectar to the house honey bees so they can begin the process of making honey. As the nectar is bitten and passed from one honey bee to another, catalysts change its Ph and other synthetic properties.
At this stage, the nectar and enzyme blend contains a lot of water to be stored over the colder time of year. These little buzzing creatures must work on drying this extra water.
Stage 3: Dehydrating the honey
Some water is taken out from the nectar when it is passed from one honey bee to another. However, honey bees utilize two different techniques for drying out the nectar. In the first process, they spread the nectar over the honeycomb which expands the surface region and leads to the evaporation of more water.
In the other process, honey bees will likewise fan their wings close to the nectar to build a wind stream and evaporate considerably more water. In the end, the honey stored will have a water content of about 17-20%.
Stage 4: Covering the honeycomb with bee wax
Storage of bee honey is the last step of the whole process. Honey is stored in the cells of the honeycomb, where it will remain as it is until the honey bees are prepared to eat it. To keep the nectar new, every cell is completely covered with beeswax.
There are over 300 varieties of flowers all around the world that honey bees can visit. As honey is made from the nectar collected from blossoms, there are many various sorts of honey with different tones, scents, and flavors. So that is how these little pollinators make this golden natural sweetener.
Geohoney usually underestimates these buzzing bees & takes honey for granted. We seldom consider the efforts that went into the production of nectar. Next time when you add a couple of drops of honey to your morning meal toast or tea, give a little gratitude to the thousands of busy honey bees that made it all possible!