Honey bees cannot speak, but just like other intelligent animals, bees can communicate with each other. These little buzzing bees do not use words as we humans do, but they do have a highly sophisticated method of communication. However, researchers have tracked down that these insects combine teamwork and smell synthetic compounds to transfer the queen’s location to the other individuals of the bee colony, uncovering an uncommon method of long-distance, mass communication.
The exploration is "truly pleasant, and truly cautious," says Gordon Berman, a researcher at Emory University. He says that bugs are prepared for "perfect and complex behaviors." Honey bees speak with chemicals called pheromones, which they sense through their antennae. Like a ruler squeezing a catch, the queen radiates pheromones to gather working drones to satisfy her necessities. However, her pheromones just travel up until this point. Occupied working drones, notwithstanding, meander around, and they, as well, can call to one another by delivering a pheromone called Nasonov, through a gesture known as "scenting; they raise their abdomens to uncover their pheromone organs and fan their wings to coordinate the smelly chemicals backward.
Researchers have known individual honey bees scented, however exactly how these individual signs cooperate to assemble a huge number of honey bees around a queen, for example, when the state leaves the hive to the crowd, has stayed a secret.
Dieu My Nguyen, a computer scientist at the University of Colorado (CU), Boulder, and associates carried out a new study on the colony of western honey bees (Apis mellifera L.), the most well-known honey bee species on the planet. The specialists set up a flat, pizza box–size field with a straightforward roof, in which the honey bees could stroll around, yet not fly. They got the queen honey bee into a confine on one side and delivered the worker bees on the other. The researchers at that point recorded the insect’s movements from above with a camera; artificial intelligence software tracked bees that were releasing Nasonov pheromones.
When the worker bees locate the queen bee, they start to amass chains of uniformly separated honey bees that are all-inclusive outward from the sovereign, with every honey bee drifting Nasanov to its neighbor down the line. Like smelly bread crumbs, the expanding communication lines guided distant honey bees back to the queen's area—an feat no single honey bee could accomplish alone.
"A truly incredible analogy is the game of telephone," says Orit Peleg, a computer scientist at CU and a senior author on the study. The specialists shed some light on how honey bees enlisted each other into these fragrance transfers. They say that honey bees in the transfers divided themselves around 6 centimeters apart. As per Peleg, this proposes the honey bees are recognizing a specific measure of pheromones, dropping what they're doing, and participating to pass on their own pheromones.
According to Basem Barry, owner of Geohoney honey bees do talk to us. It however does not mean in the metaphysical sense nor expressing something in words, it is actually in the form of buzzing noise that we all associate with bees. This buzzing noise can change depending upon the bee’s mood. Honey bee communication is more advanced compared with other animals or insects. Understanding how they interact & communicate with each other is a way to keep them happy and make them feel unharmed.