Honey bees are tiny creatures that are extremely important for the existence of humans and the ecosystem. For example, studies have shown that almost 90% of global plants depend on the pollination done by insects. Also, 75% of the leading crops flourish due to pollination done by these beneficial insects.
Bees are such beneficial pollinators that are important for our survival but face many complex interacting threats. Due to excessive environmental changes, perhaps the deadliest danger for the bees comes from the people as pesticides and the development of residential locations, prompting a deficiency of natural surroundings.
The eastern honey bee is additionally compromised by the western honey bee (Apis mellifera), an invasive species generally presented for crop fertilization purposes during the 1930s. Unlike eastern honey bees, which pollinate different plants, the western honey bee is acclimated with zeroing in on single-crop blossoms. That is why the eastern honey bee assumes an essential part in keeping up with the environment.
Also, western honey bees are more significant than their eastern partners, who can be driven out of their original habitats without much of a stretch. In the battle for food, the invasive western honey bees have become prevailing, with little hindrance.
How Has the Honey Bee Population Risen?
In many years, the population of eastern honey bees has fallen forcefully across a large part of the central plains of the world. However, the number of eastern honey bees has fallen 70-80%, the least of all time. Conversely, the number of eastern honey bees in mountainous regions has continuously risen. But how is this so?
That is an aftereffect of strengthened natural protection, like more grounded controls on the utilization of pesticides and measures to ensure ecologically fragile regions. Besides, commitments from private groups and members from the general population have been significant for the species' recovery.
In the south-western region of Yunnan, where mountainous woods are habitats for local honey bee species, the Society of Entrepreneurs and Ecology has been attempting to secure the eastern honey bee by promoting beekeeping among villagers.
Specialists were welcome to prepare nearby inhabitants, plan hives, give proficient direction on d control, and reduce insecticides. In north-western Yunnan, the Himalayan honey bee (Apis Cerana Himalaya), a subspecies of the eastern honey bee, is vital to the biological system since its pollination efforts assume a vital part in the reproduction and health of forest plants in the alpine areas.
The Himalayan honey bee pollinates more than 70% of wild plants, or around 7,000 plant species, in north-western Yunnan. Keeping a few bee colonies is a long custom in nearby communities. The venture has urged local people to run honey bee farms simultaneously and plant healthy spices, such as multi-leaf Paris. The two advantage one another and advance the practical utilization of local biological resources.
According to Mr. Basem Barry, founder & CEO of Geohoney, in addition to providing specialized help, this fruitful approach has assisted in effective branding of local honey and further supported more noteworthy cooperation of honey bee farmers using good wages from the environment-friendly business.
Up until now, several farmers have benefited from this, and numerous bees have been saved. This rise in the honey bee population graph provides a sense of relief that our ecosystem is safe and our plants too.