Honey bees are the most important pollinator for human beings & the ecosystem too. But the world is facing rapid decline in the honey bee population these days. Scientists & researchers are now searching for different ways to understand the dramatically falling rate of the bee population.
Talking about the population of honey bees in England, in the past 25 years it has decreased to almost half and is still continuing to decrease.
As all honey bees are equal, - there are many of them that hold great importance in the existence of the ecosystem and 33% of what we eat is dependent on honey bee fertilization. Considering the conduct of these unpredictable little insects is vital to discovering what's going on however it is additionally a big challenge.
A honey bee can visit a few thousand blossoms in a single day and explore more than a few kilometers, so how would you follow one?
Researchers are utilizing symphonious radar innovation. A radar transmitter produces a sign which is gotten by a little receiving wire stuck on a bumble bee's chest (back). A little diode in the focal point of the radio wire changes over it into an alternate frequency that can be identified and followed.
The changed over signal is remarkable. There could be no other source in the climate, so researchers know it's the labeled honey bee. A convenient radar global positioning system is utilized to send the sign and assemble the data sent back.
The framework was created by researchers at the Natural Resources Institute and is worked by researchers at Rothamsted Research, a government-funded agricultural research centre in Hertfordshire. It's right now being utilized in a few significant exploration projects.
A solitary honey bee can visit 1,000+ blossoms a day. A honey bee’s wings beat 200 times each second. Consistently, honey bees produce 6,000 huge loads of nectar in the UK. Bumble bees fly up to 4 miles (6.5km) to gather nectar and dust and can cover 50,000 hectares.
Every antenna is adhered to the honey bees by hand. Test honey bees are set up by sticking a little plastic circle with a recognizable proof number on to the honey bee’s chest utilizing solid twofold sided cement. An antenna is subsequently joined to the plate, again utilizing glue.
The honey bee is gotten by appending a long plastic tube to the passage of a hive. As the insects come & go two doors are dropped down, similar to portcullises, to trap one in the middle. The antenna is eliminated in a similar way when the honey bee returns.
The sign sent from the labeled creepy crawly shows as a "blip" on a radar screen, researchers contrast it with watching the moving specks on a boat's radar screen. It precisely shows the distance away the honey bee is and the direction it is flying. A PC program is then used to reproduce the bumble bee's flight way from the "blips".
"This can be overlaid on guides of the space to precisely show where the insect has flown and the scene highlights of that space," says Dr Jason Chapman, a radar entomologist at Rothamsted.
The innovation was initially evolved to consider the tsetse fly in Africa, which spreads the conceivably deadly sleeping ailment. The antenna was too huge to label the flies however functions admirably with honey bees since they are bigger.
It is still nearly up to a honey bee itself. Researchers say this isn't an issue as the insects have advanced more than a long period of time to convey weighty burdens, including dust masses practically a large portion of its body weight.
"The tag just gauges a 10th of their body weight and it is simple for them to convey that weight," says Chapman. "Likewise, in light of the fact that they are accustomed to conveying weight it doesn't influence their flight design in any capacity."
The one downside of the system is that just each honey bee can be labeled in turn, as the tracks of various honey bees could get stirred up. It makes research very tedious.
"Our more drawn out term plans are to build up the next generation of symphonious radars which will be able to track more than one honey bee in each turn," says Chapman.
The system is right now being utilized in two significant examination activities to research. They are researching how the infection spreading varroa bug and neonicotinoids influence honey bees' flight. Both are believed to be among the greatest dangers to the endurance of honey bees.
Researchers at the Berlin Free University are utilizing harmonic radar spearheaded at Rothamsted to check whether neonicotinoids influence a honey bee's route.
"Honey bees have an astonishing capacity to explore," says creepy crawly neurobiologist Prof Randolf Menzel, who is driving the examination. "This sort of intellectual interaction requires the most noteworthy request of neural preparation in this little cerebrum. That implies anything which is upsetting this fine network cycle ought to have a high effect."
Researchers at Rothamsted are utilizing the innovation to consider the flight way of honey bees contaminated with an infection communicated by the damaging varroa vermin. The minuscule parasite has prompted the spread of probably the most infectious and generally disseminated infections in the world, slaughtering huge quantities of honey bees.
Rural land is the thing that biologists call a "green desert", throughout the long term plants that honey bees do benefit from have been supplanted by huge regions they don't benefit from. The fields may look green yet they are certifiably not a decent food hotspot for honey bees.
Regular metropolitan conditions offer honey bees and pollinators more to benefit from in light of the fact that nurseries, parks and places like churchyards have blossoms developing and are a substantially more assorted scavenging source. Honey bee specialists are calling for more honey bee amicable cultivating techniques.
Mr. Basem Barry, owner of Geohoney considers this as a fruitful approach to monitor the honey bees working & reduce the rapid decline of their population to save the ecosystem.