Honey is a natural product produced by honey bees and is known for its food & medicinal benefits. Over the years, it has been used as a nutritional supplement and a natural remedy to treat various diseases. But in recent times, adulteration of honey has become a major issue all because of the increase in its composition.
Acacia and linden honey are the most common varieties used worldwide. But are these most sought-after honey varieties 100% pure? Commercially accessible honey varies in quality as indicated by different factors like environmental diversity, sort of vegetation of the encompassing locale, geological attributes, processing, botanical inventory period, storage, and packaging conditions, which can compromise with the quality and nature of the result.
To get information about fraud identification and adulteration content, several studies have been carried out to understand the physical and chemical properties that pose a direct impact on the quality of a product and its shelf life.
Honey is described as a semi-fluid food ingredient, involving an unpredictable combination of carbohydrates, particularly the monosaccharides glucose and fructose; and different sugars, proteins, lactones, wax, colors, nutrients, amino acids, minerals, natural acids, and dust. Its chemical composition changes as indicated by the honey bee species, climate conditions, sort of soil, the physiological condition of the state, and nectar source. Its dietary quality, which happens because of the presence of minerals and nutrients, its antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory properties, and high energy content makes it a superfood.
The physicochemical analysis includes studying moisture content, sucrose, minerals, acidity, ash, color, and hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) content in the honey to check the quality of honey. These studies significantly contributed to evaluating the quality of honey and proffer a modification to the physicochemical parameters.
Key Methods Used for Analysis –
(1) Moisture Content:
Water content is one of honey’s most significant attributes as it impacts its consistency, explicit gravity, development, crystallization, flavor, conservation, the time span of usability, and acceptability. It relies upon a few factors like honey bee species, flower source, and nectar gathering time.
Moisture is dissected to determine the safety of the item, giving a quality measure that decides the capacity of the honey to stay stable and free of fermentation. High moisture content reduces the nutritional properties and shelf life of the honey.
(2) The pH Level:
The pH level alludes to the hydrogen particles present in the honey solution and can impact the development of different components. The pH of nectar ranges somewhere between 3.5 and 5.5 relying upon its natural source, the pH of nectar, soil or plant association, and the grouping of various acids and minerals like calcium, sodium, potassium, and other debris constituents. Changed qualities may demonstrate fermentation or adulteration. Mandibular substances added to the nectar may likewise change the pH of honey, a process that begins with the transfer of nectar to the hive.
Honey acidity is a result of enzyme glucose oxidase produced in the hypopharyngeal glands of bees, producing gluconic acid. This enzyme is active even during storage representing less than 0.5% of solids and however considerably affects the taste of honey.
(4) Formaldehyde Content
The formaldehyde content in honey addresses, prevalently, amino mixtures, permitting the assessment of peptide substance, protein and amino acids. This is demonstrative of the presence of nitrogen in honey and is a significant adulteration pointer. At the point when low, it can propose the presence of artificial items, while when unreasonably high it can show that the honey bees were taken care of by hydrolyzed protein. In this way, formaldehyde substance can be utilized to demonstrate the genuineness of nectar.
This content is a representation of mineral contents in honey. Calcium, iron, magnesium, copper, cadmium, zinc and chloride are found in small amounts. These minerals are responsible for the color of honey and are usually found in higher concentrations in dark-colored honey.
Color straightforwardly affects the cost of linden and acacia honey as it impacts buyer inclination and is of specific significance in the worldwide market. Varieties in the shade of honey are identified with its botanical beginning, mineral substance, stockpiling and item handling, climatic components during nectar flow and the temperature at which the nectar develops in the hive, the extent of fructose and glucose present, nitrogen content, and the flimsiness of fructose in an acid solution.
Consistency and the other physicochemical properties of nectar rely upon numerous variables, including composition and temperature. Perhaps the main variables for consistency are water content, as viscosity, by and large, reduces while water content increments. Investigations of this quality are critical, as the rheological models acquired are helpful for recognizing the rheological properties of a liquid with amounts like concentration, temperature, and pH among others. This information is fundamental for quality control and for the design of equipment and processes.
Physicochemical assessments uncover differences between authentic and adulterated honey. These basic strategies can reveal the differences and samples of foreign particles. An increase in consumption of honey has led to such adulterations which not only impact the quality of honey but our health too. Thus, it is always suggested to buy organic raw honey online from a genuine store to ensure that you are getting only the best quality products. Visit Geohoney now and give yourself a gift of purity and good health with 100% natural acacia and linden honey available at best prices. Buy your favorite honey product today!