The honey bee is the world's most significant pollinator of food harvests, and beekeeping is an important business that plays a significant role in the nation's financial sector. Around 1.6 million tons of honey is produced every year. Other beehive products like beeswax, propolis, dust and bee pollen are also used as nutritional food for therapeutic and cosmetic purposes. These beehive products additionally give a kind of revenue to families living across the world.
Significant authentic and ethnographic literature across the African continent proposes honey bee products; honey and hatchlings have for quite some time been significant as food and in making drinks. Yet, it's not known how old the act of honey bee exploitation is in Africa.
New undertaking research has demonstrated the first direct chemical proof for the exploitation of honey bee items in West Africa. This came into the news by analyzing the natural deposits of ancient residues uncovered from Nok culture destinations in Nigeria.
The Nok public, known for their fantastic large-scale earthenware puppets and early ironworking, lived around 3,500 years ago in Nigeria. Little was known about their eating routine and resource rehearsals, as acidic soils at Nok archaeological locales implied little surviving organic material. Animal and plant remain, which would uncover whether they developed crops and kept domestic creatures or chased the wild game, didn't endure.
Presence of Beeswax in Nok Pots!
The method of analyzing the organic residue includes crushing little pieces of antiquated pottery. From these potteries, the fats, oils and waxes of the normal world were chemically extracted. This gave a "biomolecular fingerprint" of the food sources prepared in Nok pots. Animal fats – like milk and meat from sheep, goats and pigs – are the most common food items found in those ancient pots.
The researchers were shocked when the examinations uncovered that 33% of Nok vessels contained a complex series of lipid biomarkers that highlighted the presence of beeswax. It offers a solid "chemical mark" for recognizing the presence of beeswax in archaeological vessels. This presence of beeswax in the pots has a great story behind it. After all, beeswax itself isn't consumable, although it can be used for innovative and therapeutic purposes. Its essence in the pots is presumably a result of the liquefying of wax combs through delicate warming, with the goal that the pots absorb some wax. Or probably the honey itself was stored in the pots.
Antiquated individuals would presumably have searched out wild honey bee hives both for their honey and conceivably other honey bee items, for example, the larvae, which are consumed in many places across the globe today. In addition, honey offers excellent dietary energy, fat and protein and is frequently a significant food source for hunters.
According to Mr. Basem Barry, CEO and founder of Geohoney, these writings by the explorers are great to study and take us to the inside world of the ancient people. A few groups of people in Africa, for example, the Efe foragers of the Ituri Forest, Eastern Zaire. They have generally depended on honey as their primary wellspring of food. They gather everything from the hive, including honey, dust and honey bee hatchlings, from tree hollows which can be up to 30 meters starting from the earliest stage, smoke to occupy the stinging honey bees.
A further chance is that the actual pots might have been utilized as bee colonies, inferring some administration of the honey bees. This is ordinary in advanced Nigerian customary beekeeping, where stoneware hives are either positioned on the ground or in trees. In this manner, the recognizable proof of beeswax, and potentially honey, in Nok pots brings up fascinating questions about the relic of honey gathering in West Africa. Earthenware was designed around here something like 8,000 years before this. It's conceivable that investigation of these early pots would reveal early hunter-gatherers in the area were honey lovers too. Stay tuned with Geohoney for more exciting news and information.